Here’s the Occupational Health Services We Provide at Wisconsin Urgent Care
The services listed below are sometimes necessary for work, school and legal purposes. For issues that need immediate medical attention, see the illnesses & injuries we treat.
Drug Tests with Quick Results
You can now get results from drug tests in just 15 minutes! These new, quicker tests use a urine sample, which is then tested with a system which can check for the chemical signature of various controlled substances. There are many other drug testing systems available, but most of them use SAMHSA (Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration) standards using test strips which check for particular drugs.
A breathalyzer measures blood alcohol level. The term was once a brand name for a particular BAC measurement device, but has since become a generic term for an entire class of devices. Breathalyzers are commercially available for use by anyone; for instance, to decide whether or not you’re over the legal BAC limit before operating a motor vehicle. However, these devices are more often used by law enforcement rather than by members of the general public.
Pre-Employment Physical Exams
Employers require pre-employment physicals for a variety of reasons, including legal requirements and job-specific reasons. For example, companies with over 15 employees may require these physicals in order to comply with disability regulations. Job specific reasons may include ensuring that new hires are healthy enough to perform the job for which they are being considered.
This is often part of pre-employment physical exams and refers to tests which are designed to test the function of the respiratory system. Since the respiratory rate decreases with age, physicians who perform these tests must take the age of the person being tested into account. Respiratory evaluations also include checking the blood pressure and heart rate of the person tested. A respiratory evaluation may be done on its own to check for respiratory ailments or as part of an overall medical exam.
This is a test which evaluates respiratory function in terms of the volume of air flow when the person being tested inhales and exhales. These are especially common when the physician administering the test suspects that the person being tested may be suffering from a condition which is impeding normal respiratory function. Spirometry can also be used to detect diseases including pulmonary fibrosis, cystic fibrosis and asthma.
There is both good news and bad news about workplace injuries in the U.S. over the past decade. According to statistics published by the HAS, the number of workplace injuries reported by employers between the years 2003 and 2012 has decreased by 4%, with self-reported injuries falling by 6% over the same time period. That’s the good news; the bad news is that despite this decline in the number of on the job injuries, there were still more than 590,000 workers in the United States alone who were injured on the job in 2011 and 2012 whose injuries resulted in 3 or more days of absence from work.
DOT Drug Screens
The U.S. Department of Transportation requires that commercial drivers undergo drug screening. The policy is intended to prevent the use of illegal drugs by drivers of commercial vehicles; this rule went into effect in 1989. Surprisingly, when these tests were first being administered, 18% of truck drivers who were drug tested showed positive results for amphetamines, marijuana or cocaine – this figure has dropped dramatically since 1989 due to the efforts of the DOT to reduce drug use by commercial drivers.
DOT breathalyzers are breathalyzers which comply to the standards established by the US Department of Transportation. Any consumer interested in purchasing a breathalyzer for their own use would be well advised to look for a model which meets DOT standards, since the breathalyzers used by law enforcement officers to measure blood alcohol concentration also meet the standards of the DOT.
Consumers who use a DOT compliant breathalyzer also have the advantage of potentially being able to use readings from their own breathalyzers in court proceedings, if the need arises. This could become an issue in a situation where you’re involved in an accident and want to be able to provide proof that you were not operating a vehicle while over the legal limit for BAC.
If you’re being considered for employment as a commercial vehicle driver in the US, you’ll have to take a DOT (Department of Transport) physical. Drivers of commercial vehicles will also need to undergo these exams periodically, usually every two years. These exams include your medical history over the past five years; this includes any medications you may be taking, medical conditions and any surgeries you may have undergone, since some of these factors could possibly have an effect on your ability to drive safely.
You’ll also have your hearing tested as well as your vision – if you wear corrective lenses, you’ll have to have vision of 20/40 or better while wearing them. Your blood pressure will also be measured; your blood pressure must be 140/90 or less in order to receive a two year certificate. Your urine will also be tested to measure protein and blood sugar levels. It’s also possible that your urine will be tested for drugs, if requested by your current or prospective employer, but you will be informed in advance if this test will be performed.
Hepatitis B Series (recommended under OSHA regulations for some employees)
OSHA (the Occupational Safety and Health Administration) strongly recommends that some workers receive vaccinations for hepatitis B. These workers include people who are trained to provide first aid. Hepatitis B vaccinations are required for physicians, nurses, physician assistants and other medical professionals, as well as anyone else whose work may involve exposure to blood.
Hepatitis A Series
Before traveling to many developing nations, hepatitis A vaccinations are a must. There are upwards of 1 million cases of the disease at any given time worldwide, but there are four vaccines available which are safe for anyone over the age of one. Hepatitis is a liver disease with a short incubation period which can spread quickly in people who are not vaccinated. It is especially strongly recommended that people with chronic liver disease be vaccinated for hepatitis A.
TDAP (diphtheria, pertussis and tetanus)
TDAP is a vaccine which provides protection from three diseases: pertussis (or whooping cough), tetanus and diphtheria. In many countries, this vaccine is given to children when they’re 11 or 12 years old, with a booster vaccine given later on in life to ensure that the person remains protected. This is an especially important vaccine for children, since younger children tend to be prone to contracting all three of these diseases.
Tetanus is caused by bacteria which are found in soil, dust, animal manure and other places. When these bacteria make their way into your system through an open wound, the disease can develop. It used to be a very common disease, though it is now a rare one due to the widespread availability of an effective tetanus vaccine. The symptoms of tetanus include muscle tightness, including lockjaw, for which the disease is notorious. The tetanus vaccine should be followed up by a booster shot every ten years to maintain protection.
Wellness Services (Blood Pressure Checks, Diabetes Screening, and Cholesterol Checks)
Wellness services refers to a variety of routine tests which are done to assess whether a patient is in a generally good state of health. These include tests of blood pressure, cholesterol levels and diabetes screening. These tests are important since these conditions may not have any symptoms which can be noticed by the patient until they’re far advanced. Wellness services are basic preventative care procedures which are designed to help patients stay in good health by preventing potentially serious conditions before they reach a crisis point.